Cytomegalovirus Awareness Month: What to Know About CMV

by Boca Biolistics / June 8, 2023

Understanding Cytomegalovirus

CMV is a common virus belonging to the herpesvirus family. Many people are infected with CMV, but it often causes no symptoms or mild illness in healthy individuals. However, it can be of concern for people with weakened immune systems, such as newborns, individuals with HIV/AIDS, or those who have undergone organ transplantation.

Signs and symptoms of CMV can vary depending on the affected individual and their immune system's strength. In healthy individuals, CMV infections typically cause flu-like symptoms or no symptoms at all. However, when symptoms do occur, they may include:

  • Fever
  • Fatigue
  • Sore throat
  • Swollen glands
  • Muscle aches
  • Loss of appetite
  • Headache

In individuals with weakened immune systems, CMV can cause more severe symptoms and complications. These can include:

  • Pneumonia: CMV can cause lung infection, leading to symptoms such as cough, shortness of breath, and fever.
  • Retinitis: CMV can affect the eyes, leading to symptoms like blurry vision, floaters, and light sensitivity.
  • Gastrointestinal issues: CMV can cause inflammation in the digestive tract, resulting in symptoms such as abdominal pain, diarrhea, and vomiting.
  • Neurological complications: In some cases, CMV can affect the central nervous system, leading to symptoms like confusion, seizures, and coordination problems.

CMV spreads from person to person through bodily fluids such as saliva, blood, sexual contact, and exposure to urine or feces. It can also be transmitted from a pregnant woman to her unborn child, which is known as congenital CMV infection. This can occur when a woman is infected with CMV during pregnancy or if she already had the virus before conception.

Prevention of CMV transmission primarily focuses on practicing good hygiene, such as regular handwashing, avoiding contact with bodily fluids of infected individuals, and using appropriate precautions in healthcare settings. It is particularly important for pregnant women and individuals with weakened immune systems to take precautions to prevent CMV infection.

The Impact of CMV

CMV is more prevalent than most people realize. It is estimated that over half of adults in the United States have been infected with CMV by the age of 40.

Cytomegalovirus Awareness Month plays a pivotal role in bringing attention to the risks associated with CMV infection and the importance of prevention strategies. By dedicating an entire month to this cause, we aim to raise public awareness, provide accurate information, and support affected individuals and their families. The overarching goal is to reduce the impact of CMV infection, especially on vulnerable populations, through education, preventive measures, and support services.

Early detection is equally important, especially for pregnant women who may transmit the virus to their unborn child. Routine prenatal screenings for CMV can help identify the infection early, allowing for appropriate medical intervention and support. Additionally, testing newborns for CMV shortly after birth can facilitate early detection and timely intervention, reducing the likelihood of long-term complications.


Raising Awareness and Advocacy:

During Cytomegalovirus Awareness Month, various organizations, healthcare professionals, and advocacy groups come together to raise awareness about CMV and its potential consequences. They organize informational campaigns, webinars, educational sessions, and community events to disseminate accurate information, dispel myths, and promote preventive measures. These efforts aim to empower individuals with the knowledge they need to protect themselves and their loved ones from CMV.

Cytomegalovirus Awareness Month also serves as a platform to provide support and resources to individuals and families affected by CMV. Support groups, counseling services, and online communities offer a sense of belonging and a space for sharing experiences and information. These initiatives create a supportive network for those navigating the challenges associated with CMV, fostering resilience and providing valuable emotional and practical assistance.


Advancing Research and Treatment:

Cytomegalovirus Awareness Month highlights the need for continued research to develop effective treatments and preventive strategies for CMV. Research institutions, healthcare providers, and organizations actively engage in fundraising efforts to support scientific studies focused on understanding the virus, developing vaccines, and improving treatment options. These endeavors are instrumental in mitigating the impact of CMV on individuals and communities worldwide.

At Boca Biolistics, we are committed to supporting research to develop new diagnostics tools and improved treatments to better detect and combat CMV. Our partners in the diagnostic, pharmaceutical, and biotech industries make use of our clinical research services and the specimens in our biorepository to accelerate their research. To learn more about the samples we have available and to find out how we can drive your science forward, please contact us at 954-449-6126 or

We want to put our tools in your hands so that together, we can continue Driving Science Forward.

Tags: Companion Diagnostics, Biospecimens, CRO, Analytics, biotechnology, cancer, CDx

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